JUAN ALFONSO DE BAENA CANCIONERO PDF

Montoro was a used-clothes dealer called a ropero who also enjoyed wealthy patrons and used his talent at self-deprecating rhymes that highlighted his unfortunate appearance and Jewish blood. This practice was also sometimes utilized by conversos when they took on Christian names. Baena is said to have converted from Judaism to Christianity as a result of the first pogroms in , making him one of the many conversos who converted during this era. In the kind of poems Baena and his fellow court fools wrote, the object was often to be as self-depreciating as possible with the ultimate goal of making the court, especially the royal family, laugh.

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Montoro was a used-clothes dealer called a ropero who also enjoyed wealthy patrons and used his talent at self-deprecating rhymes that highlighted his unfortunate appearance and Jewish blood. This practice was also sometimes utilized by conversos when they took on Christian names.

Baena is said to have converted from Judaism to Christianity as a result of the first pogroms in , making him one of the many conversos who converted during this era. In the kind of poems Baena and his fellow court fools wrote, the object was often to be as self-depreciating as possible with the ultimate goal of making the court, especially the royal family, laugh.

As judino spelled indino in the original manuscript is a pejorative term for Jew in Spanish, it is evident that even Baena himself admitted to and identified with his heritage, even in formal matters. Also customary for jester-poets like Baena were feuds, called poetic debates, performed for court amusement but sometimes in earnest, among the authors, dueled through fixed-rhymed poems requestas that pit poet against poet that became increasingly absurd insults the longer they went on.

These include references to eggplants, a vegetable that had become a stereotypical identifier of Jewish and Muslim food during this era. The Surviving 15th Century Manuscript of Cancionero de Baena The particular Cancionero in question, the one compiled by Baena, consists of poems composed by 56 poets.

Canciones de amor, poetic debates, and moralizing texts make up the three main genres of the anthology. It is the first prologue of an anthology to also serve as literary criticism. Publishing History[ edit ] The only surviving manuscript of the cancionero is housed in the National Library of France in Paris.

It is a copy that dates from approximately , 20 to 40 years after the original was composed and presented to Juan II. In fact, one of his largest and most interesting pieces is found in this particular cancionero. Called Dezir, it is a poem of verses. Baena was not only a gifted compiler, poet, and jester, he also composed political works that showed a greater depth of knowledge and intellect than previously speculated.

And this is what Baena and many others did, seizing every opportunity to make fun of their own Jewish blood and former faith. Here, Baena invokes both Jewish stereotypes and courtly distinctions of high and low classes in a way that can be perceived to mock most obviously, himself, but to a degree the court itself.

Baena: Ayuntamiento de Baena. Retrieved 14 June Editorial Universidad de Sevilla in Spanish. Hispanic Review. University of Pennsylvania Press. Jewish Social Studies. Indiana University Press.

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Juan Alfonso de Baena

He was "escribano escribiente" notarial secretary at the court of John II. Under the title "Cancionero del Judino Juan Alfonso de Baena," he collected the productions of the poetical coterie of the courts of John I. This "Cancionero," or song-book, is the oldest Castilian and the only court song-book of the country, and it contains the poems written mostly for special occasions of fifty-five authors, all belonging to the Sevillan school of poetry, as distinguished from the Valencian school. Among these poets are a number of Maranos—Pero Ferrus, one of the oldest but also the most decadent of them all; Garci Fernandez de Jerena, and others—who wrote malicious satirical songs about their former coreligionists. De Baena, "this Judino" as he was called, was well versed in the poetry of his country, particularly so in satire and poetical letters.

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Cancionero de Baena

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