It used electrical currents to inflict pain [source: The Boston Globe ]. The agency conducted trials investigating the effects of sensory deprivation [source: The Washington Post ]. The CIA found that the best methods for extracting information from detainees come not through the infliction of physical pain or torture, but through psychological torture. Although the brand of torture the CIA devised through more than a decade of trial and error may not inflict physical pain, it can still do some real damage.
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Dolmaran The adequate application of these measures will break the support relationship between the population and the insurgent and at the same time provide a physically and physiologically secure environment for the population. Examples of hostile organizations or groups are paramilitary groups, labor unions, and dissident cia-kubark-tortre.
Various categorical schemes are outlined in treatises on interrogation. By infiltrating informants in the diverse youth, workers, political, business, social and charitable organizations, maunal can identify the organizations that include guerillas among their members.
If the employee does not believe this story, other measures could be taken to convince him placing anonymous telegrams or manuxl anonymous letters. Few distinctions are made between the treatment of armed guerillas and civilians.
They are also stubborn, although they may pretend cooperation or even believe that they are cooperating. This invariably indicates one of two things: Travellers are usually interviewed, debriefed, or queried through eliciting techniques.
During the next session with the subject, these remarks, edited as necessary, are played back so that the subject is persuaded that he is the subject of the remarks. Also, insurgent leaders can participate in political races as candidates for government posts.
Deprivation of Sensory Stimuli F. At times the manuals present a distorted picture of human rights conventions.
Upon hearing these remarks from a recording, a subject may confess the truth about the lesser guilt in order to provide himself with an alibi. In fact, it is recommended throughout that detainees be kept in isolation and not be allowed to contact anyone. Representative Joseph Kennedy D-MA then asked the administration to declassify the manuals in their entirety. The Structure of the Interrogation 1.
What is your assignment now? Army and CIA interrogation manuals — Wikipedia The only rationale needed for arrest or detention is that the intelligence agent needs some kind of information from the person. Except within the Communist frame of reference, they have paid less attention to the creation of internal controls — i.
With this common understanding established, the interrogation can move on to impersonal matters and will not later be thwarted or interrupted — or at least not as often — by irrelevant answers designed not to provide facts but to prove that the interrogatee is a respectable member of the human race. Are coercive techniques to be used? With all of these reservations, then, and with the further observation that those who find these psychological-emotional categories pragmatically valuable should use them and those who do not should let them alone, the following nine types are described.
The subject should be rudely awakened and immediately blindfolded and handcuffed His money and other possessions have for him a personalized quality; they are parts of himself. They are not impulsive in behavior.
During Phase I subversionintellectual and emotional persuasion is the principal arm of the insurrection. CI targets can include people, installations, organizations, and documents and materials. E-2 cia-kuabrk-torture [of interrogation] can be edited and spliced, with effective results, if the tampering can be kept hidden.
An introverted or shy detainee might be kept naked and perhaps sexually humiliated, for example. The intelligence service which is able to bring pertinent, modern knowledge to bear upon its problems enjoys huge advantages over a service which conducts its clandestine business in eighteenth century fashion. Like other interrogation aides, a scheme of categories is useful only if recognized for what it is — a set of labels that facilitate communication but are not the same as the persons thus labelled.
Surveillance measures are used to identify insurgents, identify those who support them, and identify the manner in which aid is provided to the insurgents. Although there is some limited validity in the view, frequently expressed in interrogation primers, that the interrogation is essentially a battle of wits, the CI interrogator who encounters a skilled and resistant interrogatee should remember that a wide variety of aids can be made available in the field or from Headquarters.
Agents are more frequently debriefed than interrogated. A-2 But the entire chapter on coercive techniques is still provided with some items crossed out.
The two manuals were completely declassified and released to the public in Mayand are now available online. They can resort mahual subverting the government by means of elections in which the insurgents cause the replacement of an unfriendly government official to one favorable to their cause.
See Inside The Declassified C. Torture Manual From The Cold War The latter school maintains the existence of a national character and sub-national categories, and interrogation guides based on this cia-kubark-torturs recommend approaches tailored to geographical cultures.
Entry and exit of all personnel must be strictly controlled by a system of badges, with photos, identifying personnel and indicating areas of access e. Moral considerations aside, the imposition of external techniques of manipulating people carries with it the grave risk of later lawsuits, adverse publicity, or other attempts to strike back.
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This is the oldest manual, and describes the use of abusive techniques, as exemplified by two references to the use of electric shock, in addition to use of threats and fear, sensory deprivation, and isolation. According to a declassified report prepared for the Senate intelligence committee, the manual was developed from notes of a CIA interrogation course in Honduras. These manuals recommend arresting suspects early in the morning by surprise, blindfolding them, and stripping them naked. Suspects should be held incommunicado and should be deprived of any kind of normal routine in eating and sleeping. Interrogation rooms should be windowless, soundproof, dark and without toilets. The manuals advise that torture techniques can backfire and that the threat of pain is often more effective than pain itself.
Is there a torture manual?
Yokus Materials from the most intense days of the Mnaual War in the s, which should never have been created in the first place, kept on being repackaged and reused despite a series of scandals and investigations that should have prompted a thorough revision of all materials and retraining of the U. They are cia-kubqrk-torture less likely to make real personal sacrifices for a cause than to use them as a temporary means of obtaining a permanent personal gain. Other personalities identified by the G2 as of immediate detention. An environment still more subject to control, such as water-tank or iron lung, is even more effective.
CIA-KUBARK-TORTURE MANUAL PDF