You are on page 1of 8 Search inside document Causes and Remedies of Buriganga River Pollution Dhaka is celebrating its th anniversary as the capital of Bengal proclaimed by the Mughals in the early 17th century. It is a strategic decision by the Mughals considering the economic, navigation and security potentials of the perennial river Buriganga which surrounded parts of Dhaka. Since then the civilisation of Dhaka City has been developed by the bank of the Buriganga River. The history, livelihood,culture and heritage of Dhaka City have been largely shaped by this small but important river.

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But experts think a lot more things, including checking other industrial and domestic wastes, need to be done to fully revive the water quality of this important river. They also said the government should now take strong measures to shift the dyeing factories located at Shyampur on the bank of the river to another place as those have become a major threat to it after the ternary relocation with the discharging of high level of concentrated dyes, chemicals, and heavy metals directly into the Buriganga through the hidden pipelines.

The tests conducted by the Department of Environment DoE show that the water quality of the river improved as it found the level of average dissolve oxygen DO in its water was 2. Contacted, Prof Ainun Nishat said it appears that the government has made some progress in reducing pollution in the Buriganga as the colour of its water has changed significantly. The water expert said fishermen are getting some fish now in the Buriganga as its water has improved.

The government will have to plug the major sources of pollution of the river. The Poba chairman said there are two major challenges—stopping both point and nonpoint sources of pollution and encroachment of the rivers—to bring life back to the Buriganga and other rivers surrounding the capital. He said most industries and factories do not have effluent treatment plants ETPs while those have do not operate them regularly for lack of the enforcement of law and monitoring.

MA Matin said nearly tanneries are still in operation illegally in Hazaribagh area. Matin said the government should ensure either installation of effluent treatment plant at the dyeing factories or shift those from the bank of Buriganga to another place to protect the river.

The Bapa general secretary also said around 60 percent pollution of Dhaka rivers caused by industrial waste while 30 percent by Dhaka Wasa and two city corporations and 10 percent by household wastes.


Buriganga River

A man washes clothes by the river Buriganga in Dhaka May 17, The plight of the Buriganga symbolizes the general state of many rivers in Bangladesh, a large flat land criss-crossed by hundreds of rivers which faces an uphill battle to keep them navigable and their waters safe for human and aquatic lives. But experts say many of them are drying up or are choked because of pollution and encroachment. Unabated encroachment that prevents the free flow of water, dumping of medicinal waste and waste of river passengers have compounded the problem, making the water unusable for humans and livestock. The government has initiated a move to relocate the tanneries outside the capital, and also asked illegal encroachers to vacate the river.


Causes and Remedies of Buriganga River Pollution

About leather processing industries operate here and freely dump untreated toxic wastes directly into the low-lying areas, rivers, and natural canals. The pollution is seriously affecting the lives of thousands of people, bringing the area to the brink of an environmental disaster. Garbage that cannot be recycled any further gets dumped into the severely polluted Buriganga. It is not uncommon to see children as young as 7 years old combing the garbage dumps. She works making glue by boiling waste leather pieces. Nawab Ali came to Dhaka about a year ago from a village in the Rangpur district in the north of Bangladesh.


Bangladesh river pollution threatens millions

History[ edit ] View looking along the river Buriganga towards the city of Dhaka situated on the left bank. In the distant past, a course of the Ganges river used to reach the Bay of Bengal through the Dhaleshwari river. In the 20th century the water table and river became polluted by polythenes [ clarification needed ] and other hazardous substances from demolished buildings near the river banks. The course of the Padma , as the main course of the Ganges is known in Bangladesh, changed considerably during the period to AD.


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