APOLODORO DE ATENAS BIBLIOTECA MITOLOGICA PDF

What the library does is that it gives us a brief rundown of the legends that make up the mythology of the Ancient Greeks as it existed at the time of Apollodorus. In fact, it is the earliest complete outline of Greek mythology that we possess though it is not necessarily complete because sections of the manuscript were lost, however a fortuitous discovery in the Vatican library allowed us to reconstruct most of it. Ovid is also wrote the Metamorphoses as an epic poem which excludes the genealogies as opposed to an outline, which is how Apollodorus wrote the library. The library is full of genealogies, which outlines the parentage of many of the Greek heroes and demigods, and it also divides them into a number of tribes, being the Deucalionids from which comes Jason and the Argonauts , the Argives from which comes Heracles , the Anegorid, the Inachids, the Asopids, and the Pelopids.

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What the library does is that it gives us a brief rundown of the legends that make up the mythology of the Ancient Greeks as it existed at the time of Apollodorus.

In fact, it is the earliest complete outline of Greek mythology that we possess though it is not necessarily complete because sections of the manuscript were lost, however a fortuitous discovery in the Vatican library allowed us to reconstruct most of it.

Ovid is also wrote the Metamorphoses as an epic poem which excludes the genealogies as opposed to an outline, which is how Apollodorus wrote the library. The library is full of genealogies, which outlines the parentage of many of the Greek heroes and demigods, and it also divides them into a number of tribes, being the Deucalionids from which comes Jason and the Argonauts , the Argives from which comes Heracles , the Anegorid, the Inachids, the Asopids, and the Pelopids.

Each of these tribes the members all have a common ancestry come from different parts of Greece, which suggests that the myths that come out of the tribes originated from this part of Greece and Ancient Greece was not a unified country, but rather a loose collection of city states that shared a common language and culture, and even then the various city states would war against each over because of an accent or a disagreement that originated in mythology — which is what still seems to be happening today, except on a much larger scale.

There is an interesting distinction between history and myth that comes out in Herodotus. The common understanding of myth is that it is a story that suggests an origin, and it does not necessarily mean that the story is not true. Herodotus takes a different position in that history is written down, where as myth is passed down by word of mouth. As such the writings that create history are written down while still within living memory, while myth comes about after generations of passing the story down, which suggests that the story may have been true, however it has become corrupted as it has been passed down from generation to generation.

Take for instance the story of Achilles. In the Illiad there is no mention of his invulnerability due to being dipped into a river. The story about Achilles being dipped into the River Styx did not appear until the 1st Century AD, in a book now lost known as the Achilleid. As you can see, as time passes, the stories become more and more corrupted and that occurs even with an original story having been written down.

This book gives me a lot of opportunities to speculate on the truth behind many of these tales, though we also have earlier sources which we can also refer to, being the tragic plays and the epic poems, however these sources tend to focus mainly on the Trojan War, with the other stories only touched upon and I believe that the Library is the earliest source for the story of Perseus, though he does receive a mention in Herodotus, but there we are only told that he married Andromeda and that he because the ancestor of the Persians.

More of the myths contained in this work describe the adventures of heroes rather than gods, also providing information that rounds out our understanding of events Probably written in the first or second century AD, probably not by Apollodorus, and certainly written in rather inelegant Greek, The Library of Greek Mythology is our only extant source of some of our most familiar Greek myths and variations, thus being an invaluable addition to our awareness and understanding of Greek culture.

More of the myths contained in this work describe the adventures of heroes rather than gods, also providing information that rounds out our understanding of events immediately and after the Trojan War. The author arranges his stories in groups related to the great families in Greek pre-history, clarifying and organizing them such that they seem less unrelated to each other than might be apparent if presented more randomly.

The work is worth the reading.

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Infelizmente, a Biblioteca chegou-nos incompleta. Coincidentemente, poucos anos depois, A. Abstract: The Bibliotheke is an ancient Greek compendium of myths and heroic legends, arranged in three books and it has been called "the most valuable mythographical work that has come down from ancient times", but his author is completely unknown to us. The text that we possess, however, cites a Roman author: Castor the Annalist, a contemporary of Cicero in the 1st century BC. The mistaken attribution was made by scholars from Photius onwards. Since for chronological reasons Apollodorus of Athens could not have written the book, the author of the Bibliotheke is conventionally called the "Pseudo-Apollodorus" by those wishing to be scrupulously correct. Traditional references simply instance "the Library and Epitome".

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